عطر مرکبات

در اغلب موارد کل طیف میوه‌های هسپریدی (Hesperidia) در عطرسازی با مرکبات تعریف می‌شود، که به نام هسپریدس (Hesperides)، حوری‌های اساطیر یونان، نام‌گذاری شده است. این‌ها میوه‌ها یا مواد خامی با بوی مرکبات (برای نمونه گل شاهپسند verbena و علف لیمو lemongrass) هستند و تعدادی از آنها در کنار صمغ‌ها از مواد اولیه عطرسازی دوران باستان بوده‌اند. گونه‌های جدیدتر، مانند پومیلو pomelo، گریپ فروت grapefruit، یوزو yuzu، و هاساکو hassaku (پرتقال ژاپنی) اخیرا وارد حوزه عصاره‌گیری و عطرسازی شده‌اند.
اسانس مرکبات در اغلب موارد با آب گیری (از طریق فشردن) یا آب گیری سرد تهیه می‌شوند تا تازگی طبیعی آنها حفظ شود. اما برگ نارنج Petitgrain در این بین یک استثناء است، زیرا با تقطیر بخار شاخه های کوچک و برگ‌های درخت نارنج bitter orange تهیه می‌شود.

مرکبات موجب طراوت و سرزندگی رایحه‌ها می‌شوند، و شامل نت‌های بالایی هستند که مشام را می‌نوازند. این رایحه‌ها برای آرام کردن ذهن و ایجاد حس سرخوشی و خوش‌بینی بسیار مفیدند، و فضایی با لطافت و آرامش ایجاد می‌کنند. به ویژه برگاموت Bergamot بخش جدایی ناپذیر ادوکلون‌های کلاسیک است. مرکبات همراه کلاسیک نت‌های ماندگارتر گل‌ها و صمغ‌ها در رایحه‌های شرقی هستند و همچنین همراه خوبی برای نت‌های میوه‌ای دیگر بوده و از تندی و شیرینی آنها می‌کاهند.

عطر با رایحه مرکبات CITRUS SMELLS 16 محصول وجود دارد

زیرشاخه‌ها

  • عطر با رایحه ماندارین خونی Blood...

    ماندارین خونی Blood Mandarin

    پرتقال خونیBlood Mandarinپرتقال خونیBlood Mandarinپرتقال خونیBlood Mandarin

    مشخصات رایحه: 

    جهشی در پرتقال شیرین با بخش گوشتی قرمز رنگ، بسیار شرین و آبدار که رایحه‌ی آن تا حدودی نزدیک به تمشک است.

  • عطر با رایحه گریپ فروت Grapefruit

    گریپ فروت Grapefruit

    گریپ فروت Grapefruitگریپ فروت Grapefruitگریپ فروت Grapefruit

    مشخصات رایجه: 

    ترش، تند، با طعم تلخ در دهان در هنگام چشیدن، رایجه‌ی بسیار برازنده، بوی شاد، نشاط بخشی

    گریپ فروت تنها میوه از دسته‌ی مرکبات است که که از دنیای قدیم نشأت نگرفته است. لیمو، پرتقال، نارنگی و سایر مرکبات شگفت انگیز آبدار توسط جهانگردهای ماجراجوی اروپایی به آمریکا برده شدند، اما گریپ فروت یک میوه‌ی نسبتاً جدید است که اصالت آن به قرن هجدهم و حوزه‌ی دریای کاراییب باز می‌گردد. این میوه به احتمال بسیار زیاد ترکیبی طبیعی از پوملو (یک میوه بسیار بزرگ از خانواده‌ی مرکبات که بسیار شبیه به گریپ فروت است) و پرتقال می‌باشد که برای اولین بار در باربادوس رویید. این میوه‌ی ترکیبی در حال حاضر در فهرست "هفت شگفتی باربادوس" قرار دارد، که مرکبات بهشتی هنوز به عنوان "میوه‌ی ممنوعه" شناخته می‌شوند.  این نام فریبنده توسط محلی‌ها گذاشته نشده است، و توسط گریفیث هاگس طبیعت شناس قرن هجدم گذاشته شده است، که قصد داشت با یافتن منشأ درخت در خوبی‌ها و بدی‌ها در باغ‌های بهشتی آن‌ها را شناسایی کند. این میوه‌های مشابه پرتقال غیر متعارف که از شاخه‌های سبز باشکوهی آویزان بودند برای او به صورت سیب‌های طلایی اشاره شده در کتاب مقدس نمایان می‌شدند - میوه‌ای که نوید دانش برای آن داده شده است.

    برای سال‌های زیادی گریپ فروت جزو دسته میوه‌های دارابی (میوه‌های با داخل سرخ رنگ) شناخته می‌شد. نام این دسته از میوه‌ها (شادوک) به احتمال زیاد از نام کاپیتان شادوک گرفته شده است که برای اولین بار بذر پوملو را به جامائیکا آورد. نامی که امروزه برای این محصول استفاده می‌شود مربوط به روش رشد آن است که مشابه با انگور زرد بزرگ می‌باشد.

    این میوه برای اولین بار در دهه‌ی 1820 در فلوریدا معرفی شد، که در حال حاضر نیز به صورت گسترده ای در آن منطقه کشت می‌شود. ایالات متحده آمریکا بزرگترین تولید کننده‌ی این محصول است و فلوریدا به تنهایی یک سوم گریپ فروت دنیا را تولید می‌کند. این میوه‌ی شگفت انگیز در رنگ‌های متنوعی از سپید مایل به زرد تا قرمز یاقوتی وجود دارد. آنچه که در بین این گستره‌ی تنوع در این محصول مشترک است آبدار بودن و طعم تند و شیرین آن است که کمی هم به تلخی میزند. این میوه معمولا به صورت آبمیوه مصرف می‌شود. این میوه یکی از سالمترین غذاهای جهان است که سرشار از مواد مغذی بسیار سودمند، آنتی اکسیدان‌ها و مواد شیمیایی گیاهی می‌باشد.

    روغن اصلی این میوه از پوست آن استخراج می‌شود. این روغن در گذشته به خاطر رایجه‌ی آروماتیک خود مشهور بوده است و به صورت گسترده‌ای در آروماتراپی (درمان دردهای فیزیکی و احساسی به کمک رایحه‌ی گیاهان) مورد استفاده قرار گرفته است. ترکیب این روغن، و مشخصات حسی این میوه ممکن است برای خاک های زراعتی مختلف متفاوت باشد.  روش استخراج این عصاره معمولا شامل فشردن سرد پوست خارجی میوه است و مایعی به رنگ متمایز زرد متمایل به سبز از آن حاصل می‌شود که رایحه‌ی مرکباتی تندی دارد. این رایحه شبیه رایحه‌ی روغن پرتقال شیرین است اما بوضوح از آن تلخ تر و گیاهی تر می‌باشد. این روغن معمولا برای خوش طعم کردن و چاشنی دادن به نوشیدنی‌های میوه‌ای و به عنوان یک ماده‌ی عطرآگین رایج و متعارف مورد استفاده قرار می‌گیرد.

    این روغن یکی از ترکیبات اصلی در گستره‌ی عطرهای با آکورد مرکباتی می‌باشد. همانند سایر نت‌های مرکبات، گریپ فروت یک نت قدرتمند و غالب در نت‌های بالایی است، و شروع خوشمزه و تازه‌ای به ترکیب می‌دهد و مقدمه‌ای زنده برای نت‌های میانی پایه ایجاد می‌کند. بسته به نوع گریپ فروت، مشخصات وابسته به بویایی روغن ممکن است از تندی و تیزی در گریپ فروت سفید رنگ تا شیرینی و  لذیذ بودن و ملایمت انواع قرمز و صورتی متغیر باشد. اخیراً 

    اگر به دنبال یک عطر با رایحه‌ی منحصر به فرد گریپ فروت باشد، فارماسیستا گریپ فروت خانم ها (Farmacista’s Grapefruit) را امتحان کنید. پائولو ورانجس اسانس گریپ فروت را برای ایجاد یک رایحه‌ی پاک و بی نقص، تازه و تند به کار گرفته است که واقعا احساس ما را تقویت می‌کند و ما را سرحال می‌آورد.





    It is one of the main ingredients in a range of perfumes with a fine citrusy accord. Same as the rest of the citrus notes, grapefruit is predominately powerful in top notes, it lends a zesty and fresh start to the composition, and provides lively introduction to the middle and base notes. Depending on the sort of the grapefruit, the olfactory properties of the oil may vary from bitter and sharp notes of white grape, to sweet, delicate and milder nuances of red and pink sorts. Recently, the grapefruit 'bitter-green-woody' nuance has become popular in perfumery as a variation of the classical Eau de Cologne theme and it is used for creation of both female and male perfumes.

    Perfect examples of two grapefruit-influenced unisex fragrances are Jo Malone’s Grapefruit and Assam and Grapefruit, from the Tea Collection. The former is inspired by the British tradition of daily tea ritual, and delivers refreshing and invigorating scent of grapefruit as from the first morning cup of tea. Guerlain’s Aqua Allegoria Pamplelune is a sparkling and fresh eau de toilette for women, designed to be reminiscent of taking a walk in the garden.

    More delicate, sweet and fresh interpretation of grapefruit is offered in the sparkling composition of Pink Grapefruit by Floris. This unisex fragrance combines notes of pink grapefruit, grapefruit blossom and sandalwood. Another lovely fragrance based on pink grapefruit is Pink Grapefruit by Bath and Body Works. It delivers a splash of freshness in the top notes, which are composed of orange and pink grapefruit.


  • عطر با رایحه پرتقال تلخ Bitter Orange


    پرتقال تلخ (Bitter Orange)

    پرتقال تلخ Bitter Orangeپرتقال تلخ Bitter Orangeپرتقال تلخ Bitter Orange


    Odor profile: inedible tart citrus, known as "bigarade", full of aroma of proper marmalade, tart and citrusy with an elegant base note.



    Bitter Orange, also known as Seville orange (Bigarade orange), is one of the many types of oranges, and one the most important citruses used in modern perfume industry. Bitter orange is a main source of orange blossom and neroli extracts, prized for their delicious fragrance and wonderful and fresh bitter-sweet citrusy aroma. Bitter Orange grows in warm parts of the world, but the best quality oil is produced of peel from Spanish and Guinean orange. The odor of bitter orange is fresh, tart and hot and bitter.

    Bitter oranges originate from northeastern India and certain regions of China and Myanmar. The fruit has spread to the rest of the world by the 1st century CE, when the Romans first started cultivating bitter oranges to use them in natural remedies and as a delicious treat. With fall of Roman Empire, the cultivation of Bitter Orange has staggered for a while in Europe. It was the Arabs who spread it all the way to Spain, where they grow even today, lining the streets and spreading the wonderful aroma of the fresh citrus blossoms. Some of these trees are more than 600 years old, but oldest live bitter orange tree is supposedly one planted back in 1421, and still growing at the Palace of Versailles outside Paris.
     

    When the Americas were discovered, Spanish people brought the seeds of bitter orange to North America, namely to Florida and the Bahamas. Florida is today known as the world’s largest producer of oranges, and the fragrant blossoms of the orange tree are listed as Florida state symbols.


    Bitter orange is mainly used for production of essential oils, which are used in perfume industry and as a flavoring. This sort of orange is not edible like the rest of the commonly grown oranges, however it is frequently used processed, especially in production of bitters, jams, marmalades, and to flavor tea. The extract of bitter orange is rich in synephrine which is known as very good appetite suppressant. Bitter orange has been used as a stimulant and herbal remedy for a long time, but recent studies have linked this substance with the increased risk of premature death from myocardial infarction (heart attack). Today, consumer groups advocate avoiding medicinal use of the fruit, but its sweet side is still preserved in perfume industry and poses no harm at all.

    Bitter orange is a precious fruit for all perfumers, used for production of Orange blossom and neroli. The orange blossom absolute is obtained with the volatile solvents, while neroli is produced obtained by careful steam distillation of the freshly picked flowers. Neroli has a wonderful and heady refreshing but spicy floral aroma, which makes it a great addition to all kinds of floral compositions, eau de colognes and skin-care products. The orange blossom absolute is an intensively floral brownish liquid with a delicate and fresh scent that closely resembles the natural fragrance of fresh bitter-orange. The leaves of bitter orange, as well as the flower buds, are steam-distilled to produce petitgrain, an essential oil that has a greenish woody orange scent.
     

    Another derivate from bitter orange, which truly marks this note in the world of perfumery, is the bitter orange oil. This oil has a distinctive citrusy aroma placed somewhere in the middle of sweet orange and bitter grape. Bitter orange oil lends a distinctively zesty and bitter flavor to the fragrance, and it is mostly used in production of eau de Colognes. This essence is obtained through the process of cold extraction from the orange peel.

    Bitter Orange note is found in Miss Dior Cherie L`Eau by Dior, a clean and fresh composition designed to accentuate beauty of simplicity. It also emanates from Moschino’s Moschino Funny!, lively and cheerful fragrance designed especially for young girls. More sophisticated interpretation of bitter orange is offered in elegant and romantic Chopard’s Happy Spirit, as well as in optimistic and floral “Marry me!” by Lanvin. Cartier uses Bitter Orange in the top notes of Declaration, which is a woody floral musk fragrance for men, while Boucheron does the same in floral oriental fragrance for women – Boucheron.

    Other fragrances containing Bitter Orange note can be found listed below this article.


    Author: Marina Milojević (Mary)
    Fragrantica Writer, Translator & Editor

     

  • عطر با رایحه پرتقال خونی Blood Orange

    پرتقال خونی (Blood Orange)

    پرتقال خونی Blood Orangeپرتقال خونی Blood Orangeپرتقال خونی Blood Orange

    Odor profile: mutation of the sweet orange with red pigmented flesh, very sweet and juicy smelling with a hint of raspberry.

     
        
    Botanical Name-
    Citrus sinensis (mutant variety)

    Family-
    Rutaceae

    Common Name-
    Maltese, Sanguine

    Blood oranges are varieties of common sweet orange, Citrus sinsensis; their color stems from reddish-purple anthocyanins, i.e. water-soluble pigments, in the fruit. “Blonde” oranges, such as navels and Valencias derive their orange color from carotenoid pigments; blood oranges additionally contain several anthocyanins, mainly cyanidin-3-glucoside. This magenta-coloured compound is common in many fruits, including apple skins, red currants, cherries and raspberries. Scientists recently discovered that all sweet oranges have the basic genes to produce anthocyanins, but that these genes function in blood oranges only.

    These three cultivars of blood oranges are most common: Tarocco, Sanguinello and Moro. Some other cultivars like Maltese, Khanpur, Washington Sanguine, Ruby Blood, Red Valencia, Burris blood, Vaccaro blood orange, Entre Fina blood orange, etc., are cultivated as well.
    The Moro is known as the most colorful citrus fruit. Its fruits have deep red flesh and a bright red blushed rind. The fruits have a stronger, distinct and sweet flavor with a hint of raspberry. The Moro's colour stems from a bud mutation of the Sanguinello Moscato cultivar. The Moro oranges have deep blood-red flesh which ranges from orange-veined with ruby coloration to vermilion, to vivid crimson and nearly black.


    Another cultivar of blood oranges, Tarocco, has medium-sized fruits and is the most flavorful and sweetest of all varieties. It is known as "half-blood," because the flesh is not as accentuated in red pigmentation as the Moro and other varieties. It has a thin orange skin with small red accents. The Tarocco is one of the world's most popular oranges because of its sweetness and juiciness.

    The Sanguinello is also a variety of blood oranges, and has a reddish skin with a sweet and tender flesh. The fruit has a compact peel, clear yellow with a red tinge. The flesh is orange with multiple blood-colored streaks.
     


    Blood oranges are believed to originate from either China or the Southern Mediterranean, where they have been grown since the 18th century. They are now the most commonly cultivated orange variety that is grown in Italy. The anthocyanins, which give the orange its distinct maroon color, will only develop when temperatures are low at night, which is ideal during the Mediterranean fall and winter.
     

    Anthocyanin pigments redden the flowers and fruits of many plants and help attract insects and other animals for the purpose of pollination and the distribution of seeds. In citrus, anthocyanins color the flowers and young leaves of lemons, citrons and Ichang papedas, but are otherwise relatively rare. Curiously, no anthocyanins occur in orange trees, except for blood orange fruits. The anthocyanins provide blood oranges with a distinctive “berry-like” or “raspberry-like” flavor. Interestingly, the pure anthocyanins are almost tasteless. Fruits colored by anthocyanins, including strawberries, blueberry and cranberries, vary greatly in flavor. Blood oranges certainly do not smell like raspberries, because they lack the distinctive “raspberry ketone.” The most delicious blood oranges have flesh that is either medium burgundy in color, or lightly streaked with red, depending of the variety.

    Late in the season, in March and April, the main blood orange variety grown in the United States, Moro, often has deep violet pulp—almost black—because the fruits are packed with anthocyanins, and because the pigments change from red to violet as acidity drops with advancing maturity. Though dramatic, these super-dark fruits usually have lost so much acidity that they taste flat, and tend to develop an unpleasant musty aroma. Blood orange juice may be somewhat tart, but other kinds are sweet while retaining the characteristic blood orange taste.



    Blood orange essential oil has a warm, radiant and tangy, balsamic, sweet and fruity aroma; the oil is extracted via the method of coldpressing. Blood orange adds a sparkling citrus note to fragrant blends. It blends well with lavender, frankincense, geranium, grapefruit, mandarin, neroli, rose, lemon, clary sage, myrrh and spicy oils like clove and cinnamon. Blood Orange essential oil has anti-depressant, antiseptic, anti-spasmodic and aphrodisiac properties. The scent is said to be uplifting and stimulating.
    If you like the fruity and intense note of blood orange, you can search for them using Fragrantica's Search by Notes.

    Photos: Derek Purdy, dibaer, ccharmon, jessica wilson {jek in the box}, iamarocker, niznoz, Muy Yum
     


    Author: Dr. Chandra Shekhar Gupta (cshekhar)

    Fragrantica Writer
     

     

  • عطر با رایحه پرتقال ماندارین Mandarin...


    پرتقال ماندارین (Mandarin Orange)

    پرتقال ماندارین Mandarin Orangeپرتقال ماندارین Mandarin Orangeپرتقال ماندارین Mandarin Orange

    Mandarin Orange
    lat. Citrus reticulata
    Other names: Mandarin, Mandarine
    Group: Citrus
    Mandarin Orange Citrus reticulata
    Mandarin Orange Citrus reticulata
    Mandarin Orange Citrus reticulata
    Odor profile: very sweet hesperidic, succulent, juicy, honeyed facet.


    Mandarin orange is a juicy citrus fruit also known as mandarin or mandarine. The botanical name for this tropical and sub-tropical plant is Citrus reticulate. Mandarins originate from China, where they have been historically regarded as a symbol of good fortune, having a significant sacral meaning in Chinese New Year celebrations.

    Today, mandarin orange is cultivated in all countries of the Mediterranean region, as well as in tropical and sub-tropical parts of the world. They spread throughout Asia in the 10th century, reaching the Europe in the early 19th century and becoming available in the United States in 1882, when six fruits of the 'King' mandarin were sent from Saigon to California.

    There are several different varieties of this fruit and some of the most popular ones are the Mandarin (from China), Tangerine (named after Tangier, a city in northern Morocco, where the mandarins were first imported from China), Dancy, Clementine and Satsuma (from Japan). In general, mandarin oranges are much sweeter than their other citrusy relatives, but their flavor varies from sort to sort and may range from very sweet to almost spicy and tart. Mandarin oranges are distinguished by their bright orange skin that peels off easily, and fleshy inner segments full of sugary fruit juice.


    This fruit is primarily eaten out-of hand, but it is also suitable as a tasty addition to salads, main dishes and desserts. The essential oil of mandarin orange, extracted from its peel, is very fragrant and rich in flavor, and therefore being used as a flavoring agent in candies, ice cream, chewing gum, carbonated beverages, liqueurs and bakery goods.
     

    In traditional Chinese medicine, the dried peel of this fruit is used to regulate the flow of life-energy, or chi, which is an active principle of all living beings. Old Chinese natural philosophers used the peel to stimulate healthy digestion, treat abdominal problems and reduce phlegm. In Ayurveda, mandarin oranges are used to stimulate appetite, relieve thirst, help to discharge phlegm, and prevent gastro-intestinal disorders.

    In traditional Chinese culture, the shape and color of mandarins symbolizes the Sun and connects with the yang principle, the positive and generative force of nature. Therefore, oranges are symbols of New Year and the expected positive changes. A couple of weeks before the New Year, potted plants full of mandarin oranges are offered for sale on the flower markets to make an ideal festive indoor decoration during the holiday season. On Cantonese, mandarin oranges are named “gut,” which can be translated as “the lucky tree.” Following the ancient New Year’s tradition, Chinese people are placing a pair of mandarin oranges, together with red envelopes with money, next to the pillow of every child in the house, in the box with New Year’s treats, and above the family’s rice container. They believe this will bring good fortune to the home and its residents.

    Mandarin essential oil is equally valued in perfume manufacturing where it makes great addition to floral compositions and colognes. Mandarin essential oil is distinguished in a fragrant composition by its sensual and floral, neroli-like trail. This uplifting and sensual scent blends nicely with other citrus oils as well as with spice oils such as nutmeg, cinnamon, and clove. In the terms of aroma, it is very sweet, fruity and citrusy with a light floral undertone. The scent is very relaxing and calming, and suitable for mystical fantasy fragrances. The smell of mandarine orange dominates the top notes in a gourmet floral composition of Viva La Juicy, and plays a main role in citrus aromatic Royall Fragrances Royall Mandarin fragrance for men.

    Fragrances with a mandarin note:


    Mandarin Neroli Donna Karan
    Sicilian Mandarin Ermenegildo Zegna
    Aqua Allegoria Mandarine Basilic Guerlain
    Mandarine L Artisan Parfumeur
    Lime Basil & Mandarin Jo Malone
    4711 Acqua Colonia Mandarine & Cardamom Maurer & Wirtz
    Osmo Scents Mandarine Il Profvmo
    Flora by Gucci Glorious Mandarin
    Mandarina Campos de Ibiza
    Mandarine Mandarin Serge Lutens
    Mandarin Tea Love & Toast
    Nativa Spa Mandarin + Damask O Boticario
    Les Plaisirs Nature Mandarine d'Italie Yves Rocher
    Mandarin Zents
    Mandarin Orchid The Body Shop
     

    and many other fragrances, please use Fragrantica Search by Note

     


    Author: Marina Milojević (Mary)
    Fragrantica Writer, Translator & Editor

  • عطر با رایحه ترنج Bergamot

    ترنج (Bergamot)

    ترنج Bergamotترنج Bergamotترنج Bergamot

    Bergamot
    lat. Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia
    Other names: Bergamot Orange
    Group: Citrus
    Bergamot Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia
    Bergamot Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia
    Bergamot Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia
    Odor profile: citrusy, bitter and sour, elegant light note, complex with nuances of fruit and aromatic elements, reminiscent of eau de Cologne, flavors Earl Grey tea.

    Bergamot orange (Citrus aurantium var. bergamia) is a small, roughly per-shaped citrus fruit, which grows on small trees known as bergamots. It is a cross between pear lemon and Seville orange or grapefruit. Production of bergamot is mostly limited to the Ioanion, coastal region of the province of Reggio Calabria, South Italy, where the soil and climatic conditions are very favourable for its cultivation. It is also cultivated in Ivory Coast, Argentina and Brazil, but in no other part of the world does it fructify with the same yield and quality of essence. Bergamot is named after Italian city of Bergamo, in which its oil was first sold, and it has become a symbol of the entire region and city.

    This fruit is not edible and is cultivated for production of its essential oil. The essential oil of bergamot is expressed from the ripe fruit peel and is used extensively in perfumery for its sweet freshness. Bergamot oil is also used for flavouring purposes, e.g. Earl Grey tea and the so called althea drops, candy-making, in aroma therapy to treat depression, and also as digestive aid.

    Its scent is fruity-sweet with mild spicy note. Bergamot oil is used in production of both female and male perfumes, and in most fragrance groups, mainly in top notes. It was a component of the original Eau de Cologne developed in Germany in the 17th century, and today is used in different proportions in almost all modern perfumes. Perfumes of the so-called Chypre and Fougère types are not possible without bergamot oil.

  • عطر با رایحه لیمو Lemon

    لیمو (Lemon)

    لیمو Lemonلیمو Lemonلیمو Lemon

    Odor profile: astringent, sour, sweet undertone, aromatic nuance, bright, cheerful & vibrant.

    Lemon is a small thorny tree with bright yellow citrusy fruits, cultivated in all tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Lemon originates from the Middle East, and it was probably brought to Spain and Africa somewhere in the Middle Ages. The lemon we consume today is a cultivated species and most likely a hybrid between lime and citron.This ellipsoidal yellow fruit is one of the world’s healthiest foods thanks to its sour juice, rich in citric acid. The distinctive taste of lemon makes it a main ingredient in many dishes in various cuisines from all around the world, and an excellent natural remedy for various ailments.


    In South and South East Asia lemon was used for many centuries as an antidote for different poisons. Its antiseptic properties have been known to men since the ancient times, and the lemon has for long been used to help cure the wounds and resolve any kind of sickness. In Europe, people have become acquainted with lemon in the 1st century AD, even though lemon hasn’t been widely cultivated until the middle of the 15th century.
     

    In 1493, Christopher Columbus had brought the seeds of lemon to the Caribbean, and the Spanish conquest throughout Americas helped to spread the seed all around the continents. The extensive use of lemons in cooking and flavoring began in the 18th and 19th centuries when the James Lind's experiments on sailors suffering from scurvy shown the importance of vitamin C-rich diet.


    A wonderful scent of lemon is widely used in aromatherapy. Essential oils of lemon are claimed to stimulate the liver and lymph activity, detoxify and energize the body. For many years, essential oil derived from the lemon peel had been used in aromatherapy to boost the immune system, but recent scientific investigations have found that it doesn’t influence human immunity in any way.


    However, following these investigations, scientists have agreed that lemon scent certainly uplifts our mood, and stimulates the nervous system. This is exactly why it has been used as one of the favorite notes in many fresh and uplifting fragrant compositions.
     

    The fragrant essential oil of lemon is produced by cold pressing the peel, and described as clean, fresh and sparkling. This fresh and cheerful aroma is widely used in colognes, perfumes and various body-care products, to create invigorating and sharp citrusy composition. Unlike other essential oils, lemon oil is usually cold pressed and therefore it has a fragrance that is similar to the fruit and its fresh ripe peel. This zesty scent blends well with floral notes of geranium, lavender, rose, and ylang ylang. It also builds a nice olfactory harmony in combination with citronella, lime, neroli, orange and sage. Lemon note is one of the lightest notes and it is often used as a lovely bright and sparkling top note. The luminous aroma of lemon is a common ingredient in light and invigorating summer fragrances.

    One of the perfumes where the zesty note of lemon dominates the composition is certainly Dolce&Gabbana’s D&G Light Blue for women. This casual and sparkling fruity-floral composition is a fragrant interpretation of sunshiny Sicilian summer depicted in the fresh notes of the lime and cedar. Uplifting lemony fragrance is also found in Versace’s Versace Man Eau Fraiche, where it is introduced in top notes of fresh and aquatic composition designed by famous perfumer Olivier Cresp. Another sparkling, optimistic and bright fragrance, Cheap & Chic I Love Love Moschino for women, uses lemon notes to depict playful and lively, spontaneous and happy atmosphere.



    Pure aroma of fresh juicy lemon is offered in Guerlain’s Aqua Allegoria Lemon Fresca eau de toilette for women. In this citrusy fragrance lemon is offered in a wonderful balance with bergamot, lime and anis. Giorgio Armani’s Acqua di Gioia, inspired by summer holidays, depicts the idea of escape into nature with refreshing notes of crushed mint leaves and sugared lemon.

    Photos: BeautyEye Yannig Van de Wouwer, churnusoff, ecstaticist, netsnake, YoungToymaker, bogdasario, weird-maex


    Author: Marina Milojević (Mary)
    Fragrantica Writer, Translator & Editor

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